Let’s discuss about different elements of design: Shape, Texture, Line, Space and Color.

Everything on this earth is a mix or combination of two or more elements. A human mind, for example, is a constituent of four essential aspects of life — Earth, water, fire, and wind. In ancient times, it was believed that a human’s nature pertains to the strengths and weaknesses of these elements in them. For example, if a person had a short temper. It was believed that the element of fire was dominant in that particular personal.

Design in art, is not something that is easily created, and similar to every other process of creation, design is the foundation on which a piece of art projects its value, so it also has some core elements that have to be balanced and brought into use in order to create a perfect piece of graphical art. These elements are:

  • Shape
  • Texture
  • Line
  • Space
  • Color

In order to understand why these elements are even considered to be important enough to be ranked as a core constituent of something that is deemed to be a sign of creativity, we need to have a closer look into what they actually are.


Shapes are generally two-dimensional.  They consist of lines and shades that are further enhanced by changes. These changes are made to characterize and define their edges.

There are also positive and negative shapes. In a pictorial piece of art, the shapes that a painter exhibits are considered positive.  The spaces in between these shapes are taken as negative shapes.


The texture is that constituent of a design that characterizes the surface of shapes and structures. Tactile is a texture that you can touch and feel with your hands. Visual texture is an illusion of a surface texture. The tactile surfacing is three-dimensional, since it comprises height, width, and depth.


Lines in the design are used to denominate movement and surfacing. They are used to create emphasize and make the shapes more defined. They are also a medium to convey the artist’s mood and emotional conditions.

When the elements of a design are aligned, an implied line can be drawn that connects all those elements.


The element of space in a design specifies the area that is around, within, below, or above an item. It is crucial in creating a better understanding of objects.  In both two and three-dimensional masterpieces.


When light strikes an object, it’s reflected back into the eye. That reflection is perceived as color. It is further categorized into hues and intensity. Hue is the name of a color that we give to a shade.  And intensity is what denominates the richness of that color.


There are zillions and a million more rules and principles that come in handy when designing a perfect piece of art. However, the above mentioned are considered being the fundamentals of almost all of them. A better understanding of these elements may help you to come up with the most vivid and structurally balanced designs to feed your creative cravings. Art is a field that demands continuous study and probing while reaching for the undefined zeniths.

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